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提高蔬菜种植效益,首先要科学用肥!

日期:2018-05-10
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1 依靠科技,确保产量、质量

1.1 选用优质品种

ZAISHUCAIZHONGZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUIZHONGYAODEDIYIBUBIANSHIRUHEXUANYONGCHENGYULVGAODEZIZHONG。ZAIXUANYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGGAIXUANYONGGAOCHANDE、KANGNIXINGHAODE、SHICHANGRENKEDE、FUHEGUOJIABIAOZHUNDE、JIANKANGDEPINZHONG,ZHEIYANGCAINENGRANGDAJIACHISHANGFANGXINCAI,CONGERTUIDONGNONGYEJINGJIDEFAZHAN。JULILAISHUO,FANQIESHIZUIWEIPUBIANDEYIZHONGGUOSHUCHANPIN。QIYOULIANGPINZHONGDANCHANKEYIDADAO525t/hm2,ERMUQIANHUAIANZAIPEIDEFANQIEPINZHONGDANCHANHENSHAOCHAOGUO75t/hm2,CHANLIANGXIANGCHAJIN7BEI。YINCI,ZHIYOUXUANHAOLEPINZHONGCAINENGBAOZHANGFENGCHAN、BAOZHANGXIAOYIYUANQUANSHIYONG。

1.2 科学栽培

RUGUOSHUOYOUZHEYOUYUEDEXIANTIANTIAOJIANERMEIYOUHOUTIANDEPEIYU,NEIMEHENNANZHONGCHUGAOCHANCHU、HAOKOUGANDESHUCAI。ZAIYOULIANGPINZHONGCAIXUANZHIHOU,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUYENEIRENYUANZUODAO“YINCAISHIJIAO”。DUIBUTONGDEPINZHONGXUANYONGXIANGDUIYINGDEZAIPEIJISHUJINXINGZHONGZHI,QIEBUKEYIGAIERLUN。SHUCAIPINZHONGBUTONG,HENDUOXIXINGYEBUYIYANG,RUYOUDEXIWEN,YOUDEXIHAN;YOUDEHAOSHUI,YOUDEBIXUGANHANDENG。DUIYUSHUCAIDEZHONGZHIHUANJINGYIDINGYAOZUODAOWENDU、CAIGUANG、SHUIFEN、KONGQI、FEILIAO、TUZHIDENGJINLIANGFUHEZHIBEISHENGZHANGYAOQIU。DUOCHAYUEXIANGGUANSHUJI、ZILIAODENG,ZUODAOKEXUEZHONGZHI。

1.3 健康蔬菜

SHUCAIDEJIANKANGHUANBAOBIAOZHUNCHULEXUANYONGYOUZHIPINZHONGWAI,ZAIZAIPEIGUOCHENGZHONGYEYAOSHIFENJINSHEN。RUFEILIAODEXUANZEYUSHIFANG,NONGYAODEPENSAYUXUANZEDENGDOUSHIZHIGUANZHONGYAODE。ZAIPEIGUOCHENGZHONGYANJINGAODUHECHAOBIAOCHANPIN。BAWUGONGHAI、LVSE、YOUJIGAINIANFANGZAIGAOCHANLIANGDEDIYIWEI。

 

2 研究市场 ,适应市场

2.1 综合销路评价

两元彩票网 CHANPINZHONGZHIQIZHUYAOMUDEBIANSHIQUDEJINGJIXIAOYI。RUHEHUODEGENGGAODEXIAOYIYESHIZHIDETANTAODEHUATI。XUYAODIAOCHAYANJIUSHUCAIGEPINZHONGDEXIHAOQUYUHEREXIAOFANWEI,ZUOCHUHELIDEYINGXIAOFANGAN;ZHANGWOXIAOFEIRENQUNXUQIUYUXIAOFEIXIGUANJIGUILV,BUZHUOSHUCAIXUQIUSHANGJI,BUMANGCONG,BUZHADUI。

2.1.1 要明确目标与数据点

ZAIBUTONGDEDIQU、BUTONGDEJIJIE,RENMENDUISHUCAIDESHIYONGXIGUANJIYAOQIUDOUDAYOUBUTONG。ZHANGWORENMENDUISHUCAIDEXUANYONGXIGUAN,JIUNENGZUIDAXIANDUDIBIMIANSHUCAICHANPINDEXIAOSHOUJUXIAN,QUEBAOSHUCAICHANPINDESHIXIAODUILU。DUIYUSIJIXUQIUDESHUCAISHILIANGZAIZHONG,ZUODAOLIUCHANGXIAOLU、BUDUIJI、BUDUANHUO。BAOZHENGNONGCHANPINDELIUCHANGGONGYING,QUDENONGCHANPINJINGJIGAOHUIBAODEYOUZHIXIAOYI。JISHANHUAYAO

2.1.2 在蔬菜产品的栽培过程中尽量避免与农村产品同期上市

YINWEIRUGUOXIANGHUODENONGCHANPINDEGENGGAOSHOUYI,JIUBIXUYAOQIUYENEIRENSHIMOQINGSHUCAIJIAGEQIFUHEBODONGGUILV。RUGUOYUNONGCUNCHANPINTONGQISHANGSHI,HUICHUXIANGONGDAYUQIUDEXIANXIANG,RONGYICHUXIANNONGCHANPINJIYA、SUNHUAI、GONGDAYUQIUDENGBULIANGXIANXIANG。NEIME,RUHEBIMIANZHEIXIEWENTINI。KEYIKAOLVYIXIAJIZHONGFANGAN:SHEFAZAITONGZHONGQIUYI,CHUNJIXUANZEZAOSHU、JIZAOSHUPINZHONG,BIMIANCHIBOCHIZHONG,SHISHIBAOWENZAIPEI,JINLIANGZAIDALUSHUCAISHANGSHIQIANQIANGXIANSHANGSHI;QIUJIXUANZENAIDIWEN、NAICHUZANGPINZHONG,SHIDANGCHIBOCHIZHONG,HOUQIKOUPENGBAOWEN,JINLIANGZAIDALUSHUCAISHOUHUOJIBENJIESHUHOUSHANGSHI。YEKEYIZHONGZHIYOUZHIPINZHONG,YIZHIYOUQUSHENG,HUOZHEGAIZHONGNONGCUNZHONGZHIJIAOSHAODESHUCAI。

2.1.3 了解市场的动态,满足高端消费

CAINONGMENYAOYIMANZUGAODUANXIAOFEIXUQIUWEIMUBIAO,ZAIPEIYOUTESE、KOUGANHAO、PINZHIGAODESHUCAI,RUCAISETIANJIAO、YINGTAOXIHONGSHI、MINIHUANGGUA、CHAOTIANXIGUADENG,BUJINYAOCAIQULVSEZAIPEI,HAIYAOCHANGSHIYOUJIZAIPEIDEFANGSHI,DANSHIYIDINGYAOQUEBAOSHUCAIKOUGANYAOHAO、PINZHIYOULIANG。ZAICAIYONGYOUJISHUCAIDEPEIYUDETONGSHI,CAINONGMENBIXUJINTIECHENGSHIXUQIU,BUNENGMANGMU,YAOZHUZHONGJIANKANGZAIPEI。RUGUOTUOLILESHICHANGDEXUQIU,NEIMETOUZIZAIGAOYEWUFADAILAIHAODEXIAOYI。JISHANHUAYAO

2.2 大力发展蔬菜加工企业,保证蔬菜产业的可持续发展

SHUCAISHENGCHANTOURUDA,RONGYIYINQIJIZHONGSHANGSHIHELANSHIDENGBULIANGXIANXIANG,FENGXIANYEHENDA,YOUXIAODEJIEJUEBANFAZHIYIJIUSHIKAIFASHUCAIJIAGONGQIYE。YINCI,WOMENKEYITONGGUOXUNZHAOTOUZISHANGLAITOUZIJIANLISHUCAIJIAGONGQIYE,ZHONGDIANZHICHIQIYEFAZHANDINGDAN,RENZHENKAIZHANSHENGCHANQIANHOUDEFUWUGONGZUO,SHISHUCAICHANYEZENGZHIKONGJIANZUIDAHUA,SHIQIYEHENONGMINDEDAO“SHUANGYING”。

2.3 加强生产成本控制,提高蔬菜生产质量

由于蔬菜种子费、劳作费、生产费、运输费等都飞速地上涨,可是菜农们的蔬菜种植产量并没有大幅度地提高,这是导致蔬菜种植效率低下的关键。如果要想提高蔬菜种植效率,在保证蔬菜质量的同时尽一切可能来控制成本,还要努力提高蔬菜产量。主要措施:要努力走机械化、组织化和合作化生产的道路;培养专业人才,采取专业化育苗;大力推广免耕栽培轻量化技术;引进城镇居民,建立蔬菜生态园区;加大科技投入,引进先进的配套设施;提高种植水平,提高蔬菜生产。只有这样,才能确保蔬菜种植效率的稳步提高。